Divya Disha’s CHILDLINE Team rescued 10 children working as bonded labour in the bangle making industry in Hyderabad yesterday .
10 Children Rescued From Bonded Labour by Divya Disha’s CHILDLINE Team
Divya Disha’s CHILDLINE team got a call directly from the Task Force informing them that 10 children were found working as bonded child labour. Immediately 3 of our team members went to Moghulpura Police station and informed them about the issue. The cops accompanied them to the Sultan Shahi area where the children were working.
The children were found working in a bangle making company and involved in the work of placing glitter, stones and mirrors on the bangles. Out of 10 children found, 9 children were in the age group of 7-14 years and the 1 child was 16 years old. They had been brought from Bihar, Aurangabad and Patna and had been working in the bangle factory for the last 4 – 7 months. All of the children were illiterate and were paid a salary of upto Rs.2000/- each.
The children were rescued and after completing the formalities with the Labour Department and the Police Department, were produced before the CWC (Child Welfare Committee) on whose orders they were provided shelter in the Government Boys Home.
Child Labour Situation In India (according to UNICEF)
India’s 2011 census showed that :
- There were more than 10.2 million “economically active” children in the age group of five to 14 years – 5.6 million boys and 4.5 million girls.
- Eight million children were working in rural areas, and 2 million in urban areas.
- Although in rural settings the number of child workers reduced from 11 million to 8 million between the 2001 and 2011 censuses, over the same period, the number of children working in urban settings rose from 1.3 million to 2 million,
Over the past two decades India has put in place a range of laws and programmes to address the problem of child labour.
Indian legislation protects children from exploitation:
- The Child Labour Prohibition Act 1986 bans the employment of children below the age of 14 in many professions, such as domestic labour, and in the hospitality trade for example in roadside dhabas (restaurants), restaurants, hotels, motels and spas. It does not ban child labour in agriculture.
- The Right to Education Act 2009 ensures all children 6-14 years have the right to free and compulsory education. · The Indian Constitution ensures the right of all children 6-14 years to free and compulsory education; prohibits forced labour; prohibits the employment of children below 14 years in hazardous occupations; and promotes policies protecting children from exploitation.
Whoever employs a child or permits a child to work is punishable with imprisonment from three months to one year or with fine no less than INR 10,000–20,000 rupees or with both.
- The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2000 defines child as being below 18 years of age. Under the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), ratified by India in 1992, all children have the right to be protected from work that is dangerous, or that might harm children’s health or education.
UNICEF and its India partners are working together to ensure that children are protected from work and exploitation which is harmful to their development They are working to ensure that children remain in economically stable family homes and get the opportunity to go to school and be educated.
Child labour cannot be dealt with in isolation. It is intrinsically linked to socio-economic factors. More specifically, UNICEF has also initiated work with employers and the private sector to assess and address the impact of their supply chain and business practices on children. The causes and nature of child labour.
The factors that contribute to child labour – including “hazardous” child labour –include
- the poverty and illiteracy of a child’s parents, the family’s social and economic circumstances,
- a lack of awareness about the harmful effects of child labour,
- lack of access to basic and meaningful quality education and skills training,
- high rates of adult unemployment and under-employment,
- and the cultural values of the family and surrounding society.
- Often children are also bonded to labour due to a family indebtedness. Out of school children (OOSC) or those children at risk of dropping out can easily be drawn into work and a more vulnerable to exploitation. Girls, especially those from socially disadvantaged groups, tend to be at a higher risk of being forced into work.
Other reasons for children being forced into work:
- Poverty and a lack of livelihood options lead to a child’s “need” to contribute to the family income,
- Due to conflicts, droughts and other natural disasters, and family indebtedness,
- Rural poverty and urban migration also often exposes children to being trafficked for work.
Children are employed because they are cheap and pliable to the demands of the employer and not aware of their rights. The risks that these children face can have an irreversible physical, psychological and moral impact on their development, health and well-being.
Types of child labour:
The types of child labour have changed in recent years due to enforcement of legislation, awareness amongst buyers about child exploitation, and international pressure.
Child labour is now more invisible because the location of the work has changed from the more formal setting of factories, to business owners’ homes. There has also been an increasing involvement of children in the home-based and informal sectors. Children are engaged in manual work, in domestic work in family homes, in rural labour in the agricultural sector including cotton growing, at glass, match box and brass and lock-making factories, in embroidery, rag-picking, beedi-rolling, in the carpet-making industry, in mining and stone quarrying, brick kilns and tea gardens amongst others. Work is often gender-specific, with girls performing more domestic and home-based work, while boys are more often employed in wage labour. In general, the workload and duration of the working hours increases as children grow older.
Getting accurate, detailed information about children working in different sectors is a major challenge because, in many cases, children work in informal sectors such as agriculture, and in urban settings in restaurants, motor repair workshops and in home-based industries.